Approaches to the Lyric
Barbara Johnson
Literature 106
Spring 1989


SYLLABUS


Feb 2 INTRODUCTION
  THE MINIMAL
Ezra Pound, "In a Station of the Metro"
Guillaume Apolinaire, "Chantre"
William Wordsworth, "A Slumber did my Spirit Seal"
Gwendolyn Brooks, "We Real Cool"
e.e. cummings, "L(a"
William Carlos Williams, "Between Walls"
Robert Francis, "By Night"

POEMS ON POETRY
Wallace Stevens, "Of Modern Poetry"
Archibald MacLeish, "Ars Poetica"
Marianne Moore, "Poetry"
Emily Dickinson, "I Dwell in Possibility"
Randall Jarrell, "A Sick Child"
 
Feb 7 THE AESTHETIC OBJECT: PART 1
  John Keats, "Ode on a Grecian Urn" N663
Wallace Stevens, "Anecdote of the Jar" N931
*Carolyn Forché, "The Colonel"
 
Feb 9 POETIC FORMS
  John Hollander, Ryme's Reason
(poems to be assigned)
 
Feb 14, 16 SONNETS
  #Barbara Herrnstein Smith, "Formal Structure and Closure" in Poetic Closure
Joel Fineman, "Shakespeare's Sonnets' Perjured Eye" LP
(list of sonnets to be distributed)

EXERCISE: Do a metrical analysis of either Shakespeare's Sonnet33 N187 or Pound's "A Pact" MAP 339
 
Feb 21 LINGUISTICS
  #Ferdinand de Saussure, Course in General Linguistics
("Introduction," "General Principles," "Synchronic Linguistics")
*Saussure, Anagrams
 
Feb 23 #Roman Jakobson, "Two Types of Language and Two Types of Aphasic Disturbances" in Language in Literature
#Richard Klein, "Straight Lines and Arabesques" in Yale French Studies
*Howard Nemerov,"I Only Am Escaped Alone to Tell Thee"
*William Bronk, "Metonymy as an Approach to the Real World"
*Wallace Stevens, "The Motive for Metaphor"
Robert Herrick, "The Vine" N 242
 
Feb 28, Mar 2 THEORIES OF POETIC LANGUAGE
  *Gwendolyn Brooks, A Capsule Course in Black Poetry Writing
*Edgar Allan Poe, "The Philosophy of Composition"
*William Wordsworth, "Preface to the Lyrical Ballads"
#Roman Jakobson, "Linguistics and Poetics" in Lang in Lit
#Geoffrey Hartman, "The Voice of the Shuttle" in Beyond Formalism
Barbara Johnson, "Strange Fits" WD
#Cleanth Brooks, "The Language of Paradox" in The Well Wrought Urn
Jonathan Culler, "Changes in the Study of Lyric" LP
#Paul de Man, "Anthropomorphism and Trope in the Lyric," Rhetoric of Romanticism
 
Mar 7 Jacques Derrida, Signéponge
 
Mar 9 #Jacques Derrida, "White Mythology" in Margins of Philosophy
Edward Taylor, "Am I Thy Gold?" MAP 80
John Donne, "A Valediction: of Weeping" N210
 
Mar 14 STRUCTURES OF ADDRESS
  #Jonathan Culler, "Apostrophe" in The Pursuit of Signs
Barbara Johnson, "Apostrophe, Animation, and Abortion" WD
#Paul de Man, "Autobiography as De-facement," Rhetoric of Romanticism
Herbert Tucker, "Dramatic Monologue and the Overhearing of Lyric" LP
Mary Jacobus, "Apostrophe and Lyric Voice in The Prelude" LP
Robert Browning, "My Last Duchess" N 717
Wallace Stevens, "To the One of Fictive Music" N932
*Mark Strand, "My Life by Somebody Else"
John Ashvery, "Paradoxes and Oxymorons" N 1292
Inamu Amiri Baraka, "SOS" BP 181
 
Mar 16 SYMBOL AND ALLEGORY
  *Samuel Taylor Coleridge, selections on Symbol and Allegory
#Paul de Man, "The Rhetoric of Temporality" in Blindness and Insight
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" N567
 
Mar 21, 23 INTERTEXTUALITY
  #Harold Bloom, The Anxiety of Influence
#Michael Riffaterre, Semiotics of Poetry p 1-80
#Jonathan Culler, "Presupposition and Intertextuality" in Pur of Signs
Cynthia Chase, " 'Viewless Wings' " LP
Barbara Johnson, "Les Fleurs du Mal Armé" WD
*Wallace Stevens, "The Man on the Dump"
William Butler Yeats, "The Circus Animals' Desertion" N894
*William Wordsworth, "The Boy of Winander"
Robert Frost, "The Most of It" N 923
Matthew Arnold, "The Dover Beach" N794
*Anthony Hecht, "Dover Bitch"
(other poems to be assigned)
 
April 4, 6 PSYCHOANALYSIS. THE AESTHETIC OBJECT: PART II
  #Jacques Lacan, "The Mirror Stage" and "The Signification of the Phallus" in Ecrits
Barbara Johnson, "Mallarmé as Mother" WD
*Baudelaire, "La Beauté"
*Théophile Gautier, "Le sphinx"
Percy Bysshe Shelley, "Ozymandias" N 619
William Butler Yeats, "Sailing to Byzantium" N 886
Sylvia Plath, "The Colossus" N 1345
 
April 11, 13 FEMINISM
  #Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar, "Strength in Agony" (in Madwoman)
#Adrienne Rich, "Vesuvius at Home" (in On Lies, Secrets, and Silence)
#Diane Middlebrook, "Housewife into Poet" in New England Quarterly
#Adrienne Rich, Blood, Bread, and Poetry
#Jan Montefiore, Feminism and Poetry
#Margaret Homans, Women Writers and Poetic Identity
#Alicia Ostriker, Writing Like a Woman
*Charles Baudelaire, "Le Vampire"
*Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, "Son Image"
*Adrienne Rich, "Rape"
*Mark Strand, "Courtship"
 
April 18-27 POETRY AND POLITICS
  #Jerome McGann, "Contemporary Poetry, Alternate Routes"
#Robert Von Hallberg, American Poetry and Culture (1945-1980)
#Jean-Paul Sartre, What is Literature?
Phillis Wheatley, BP 38
Countee Cullen, "Heritage" BP 95
*Anne Bradstreet, "Prologue"
*selection from Breton and Aragon
#June Jordan, selections


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Key:
# on reserve in Lamont
* will be xeroxed
LP Lyric Poetry
WD A World of Difference
N The Norton Anthology ogf Poetry
MAP Major American Poets
BP The Black Poets
also ordered at Revolution Books: Hollander, Rhyme's Reason
and Derrida, Signéponge

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